Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Lake Effect Snow Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Lake Effect Snow - Research Paper Example Lake snow effect usually happens during the winter and in particular the Midwest when the area is dominated by cold cP or cA and clear air (Ahrens 207). The specific areas where the lake effect snows are notorious are the eastern and southern shores of the Great Lakes (Geerts 1). When such a phenomenon occurs, the people in this region get prepared for heavy snow showers. These storms are highly localized and they extend only a few kilometers to more a hundred kilometers inland. The snow basically falls as squall or heavy shower in the concentrated zones. The snow is very much centralized such that a part of the city may accumulate several centimeters of the snow, while in another; the ground has nothing (Ahrens 207). Lake effect snow is rampant from the month of November to January. â€Å"During these months, cold air moves over the lakes when they are relatively warm and not quite frozen† (Ahrens 207). The difference between air and water temperature can be as high as 25 degrees centigrade. Studies conducted have indicated the greater the difference in the temperature, the higher the probability of having a snow shower. Causes of Lake effect Snow It is imperative to note that the snowfall is not caused by the proximity of the ocean or the mountains and the difference is not because the eastern and the southern shores are cooler than the regions surroundings; in fact, they are only a little warmer than the surrounding shores.

Monday, October 28, 2019

Langston Hughes Salvation Essay Example for Free

Langston Hughes Salvation Essay In Langston Hughes’ essay â€Å"Salvation,† the author recounts how his failure to â€Å"see† Jesus and be outwardly saved results in a deeper, more stirring revelation: that only he and not Jesus can save his soul. Although Hughes devotes much of his essay to parodying the salvation experiences and apparent hypocrisy of other church members, and he tells us that the church building is stuffy, uncomfortable, hot and boring, he abruptly changes his tone at the end. When he describes how he cried in bed from guilt at having lied about his salvation, the reader realizes that Hughes has indeed undergone a powerful spiritual awakening: he has been saved from his own hypocrisy. Hughes starts off his essay using apparent irony by saying he â€Å"was saved from sin when [he] was going on thirteen. But not really saved. † (Hughes 351). This leads us to believe that he is cynical about Christianity, and we should not believe he is about to undergo any real spiritual transformation. When he describes having attended Auntie Reed’s Baptist church when he was not even thirteen years old, we get the impression that he is not responsible for taking the experience seriously. At that age, children are impressionable and naive about religion, which they may not understand, because it offers protection at a time when they are already protected and forgiven by their parents for errors they make, or â€Å"sinful† acts. Hughes gives the impression that he is being forced to go to church because of social expectations. He is strongly influenced by his friend Westley, who does not hide his real reason for getting baptized, which is to get out of that hot, stuffy church and get on with his adolescence. Westley tells Hughes â€Å"God damn! I’m tired o’ sitting here. Let’s get up and be saved! † Hughes (351). Westley’s ironic and comical interjection aptly sums up Hughes’ view of how the salvation process works in the mind of an adolescent: just do it and get it over with to make your elders happy, because it’s all a game anyway. It is only when Hughes’ aunt Reed comes and sobs at his side and is summoned by the minister that Hughes begins to break down Hughes (351). In paragraph 11, Hughes states: â€Å"Now it was really getting late. I began to be ashamed of myself, holding everything up so long. I began to wonder what God thought about Westley who certainly hadn’t seen Jesus either, but who was now sitting proudly on the platform†¦. So I decided that maybe to save further trouble, I’d better lie, too, and say that Jesus had come, and get up and be saved†¦. So I got up† Hughes (352). Here, Hughes discovers that the mere physical act of rising in response to his summons has begun to change him internally. He may not yet â€Å"see† Jesus, but he certainly sees and feels the effects of what he has done: â€Å"Suddenly the whole room broke into a sea of shouting, as they saw me rise. Waves of rejoicing swept the place. Women leaped in the air. My aunt threw her arms around me. The minister took me by the hand and led me to the platform†¦.. joyous singing filled the room. † Hughes (352). To Hughes, Jesus may as well be in the arms of his beloved aunt as in the â€Å"God damn† of his cocky pal Westley. He finds salvation in the spirit of the moment, and it feels good, if not a little confusing. Towards the end of the story in paragraph 15, Langston begins to notice what he has done wrong and feels emotionally distraught and full of neglect in his actions. He has fooled everyone into believing that he had found Jesus Christ. The only reason why he went up to the podium in the first place was to seek a way out sitting on the pews all day at church being told by the church elders, you’ll be damned if you don’t repent and be baptized! etc. Later on that night, Langston felt not only pressured into doing this but a sense of self actualization that he wanted to truly find Jesus, but in the end he ended up not only hurting himself, but the rest of his family for lying the whole time about his true feelings and the reason why he was in bed crying that whole night. Hughes writes, â€Å"I couldn’t bear the fact that I had lied, that I had deceived everybody in the church, and I hadn’t seen Jesus, and that now I didn’t believe there was a Jesus anymore, since he didn’t come help me,† Hughes (352). This passage provides a vivid explanation of his outlook on those around him and how he betrayed himself into lying for the sake of God. Hughes’ sadness and lack of faith came from those around him who kept on pressuring him to accept Jesus Christ into his heart. In the end, he appears to have turned away from God because he didn’t believe, rather he looked on the outside and not from within being only that he was twelve and naive. However, the fact that he undergoes such a transformation into self-doubt and remorse at having liednot just to himself and to everyone elsebut perhaps also to that notion of God as presented to him in Church. ] What Hughes sees as his own hypocrisy can also be interpreted as his own salvation: not from a traditional baptism of water and spirit and rebirth, but of his own tears of remorse as he realizes he has been baptized into adulthood and the burdens of truth and consequence that are inescapable for Langston Hughes’ Salvation.

Saturday, October 26, 2019

The failure to Prevent 9-11 :: essays research papers

Failue to Prevent 9/11   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  When a giant explosion ripped through Alfred P. Murrah federal building April 19,1995, killing 168 and wounding hundreds, the United States of America jumped to a conclusion we would all learn to regret. The initial response to the devastation was all focused of middle-eastern terrorists. â€Å"The West is under attack,†(Posner 89), reported the USA Today. Every news and television station had the latest expert on the middle east telling the nation that we were victims of jihad, holy war. It only took a few quick days to realize that we were wrong and the problem, the terrorist, was strictly domestic. But it was too late. The damage had been done. Because America jumped to conclusions then, America was later blind to see the impending attack of 9/11. The responsibility, however, is not to be placed on the America people. The public couldn’t stand to hear any talk of terrorism, so in turn the White House irresponsibly took a similar attitude. They con centrated on high public opinion and issues that were relevant to Americans everyday. The government didn’t want to deal with another public blunder like the one in Oklahoma City. A former FBI analyst recalls, â€Å"when I went to headquarters (Washington, D.C.) later that year no one was interested in hearing anything about Arab money connections unless it had something to do with funding domestic groups. We stumbled so badly on pinpointing the Middle East right off the bat on the Murrah bombing. No one wanted to get caught like that again,†(Posner 90). The result saw changes in the counter terrorism efforts; under funding, under manning, poor cooperation between agencies, half-hearted and incompetent agency official appointees and the list goes on. All of these decisions, made at the hands of the faint-hearted, opened the doors wide open, and practically begged for a terrorist attack. So who’s fault is it? The public’s for being 2 96304812 unaware, uninterested, and inadvertently the driving force behind American Democracy? No, of course not, that would be a completely ridiculous idea. In the events of September 11, 2001, the United States Government, by ignoring signs of a terrorist attack and continuous blunders in American intelligence, failed to accomplish one of their basic responsibilities as a governing body: keeping us safe.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  September 4, 2001, just a week before the attack on the World Trade Centers. A teletype regarding known facts about a suspected Islamic extremist, Zacarias Moussaoui, was sent to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the Customs Service, the State Department, the Immigration and Naturalization Services, and the Secret Service.

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Concert Essay -- essays research papers

CONCERT REPORT #2 Beatles Z320   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  For my second concert report I thought that I would write about my only experience hearing songs of the Beatles live. The Rib America Festival was hosted by The Beatles Live Repertoire. The group dressed exactly like the Beatles, even had the same names, John, Paul, George, and Ringo. I had never heard any Beatles songs live before, so that was enough to get me off my butt. Not to mention, it was free entertainment, not a bad time at all.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  So the show starts, and I’m not sure what to expect. Paul comes out and introduces the band, ( very good English accent ) and then started out with â€Å"I want to hold your hand â€Å". He mentioned that their songs would for the most part go in chronological order. And after comparing notes to my book, they were on track for the most part. All of the songs played before their break, were songs on albums released before Sgt. Peppers Lonely Heart Club Band. I wasn’t impressed with this song, however. No, it isn’t my favorite song, but I just wasn’t impressed by the playing of the song. The song, the beat, something was dead about the song, hard to put my finger on it.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The next song was â€Å"Please, Please me†. And I had never heard this song before that night, and I liked the song a lot. Then after hearing it in class, I remembered hearing it for the first time, good song. Hard Days night was their next song. And much like the first song, I do like this song, but the band didn’t do justice for the song. But this was the last song that I remembered not really liking. The rest of the songs I recall liking very much for one reason or another. The band must have just needed to warm up a little.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  So, now that the band had warmed up, messed up a few good songs, but at least they didn’t start out with my favorite songs, they were ready. Their next song was â€Å"Eight Days a Week†. I like this song. I just like the beat and how the lyrics go along with it. I don’t know if that is a legitimate reason to like a song, but it’s mine. They asked for some audience participation during this song. They wanted to us to clap with the instrument break when he sings, â€Å"Hold me†¦ Love me†¦ â€Å" The audience was very participative. It seemed like the audience was having a really good t... ... am assuming that he grew up around Penny Lane. Now an interesting thing about the next song â€Å" Strawberry Fields Forever†, was that â€Å"Paul† mentioned that John(Lennon ) had never performed this song live. Now, this was hard to believe, but I think that these dudes know that they are talking about, so I guess he didn’t.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Nowhere man†, â€Å"Day Tripper†, and â€Å"Imagine† were to follow â€Å"Strawberry Fields Forever†. â€Å"Nowhere Man† was written by Paul about Ringo according to â€Å"Paul†. â€Å"Imagine† was performed very well, and just a cool song all around. Good song to hear live.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  I knew it was drawing towards the end of the show, and I hadn’t heard the song that I really wanted hear â€Å" Revolution†. It was about a quarter till, and still no â€Å"Revolution†. â€Å"Back in the USSR†, â€Å"Come Together†, and â€Å"OB-LA-DI, OB-LA-DA†, were their final songs. I was mad, but still a very good show, and I was glad that I went. The crown wasn’t satisfied enough, and chanted for more. They finally gave in like I knew they would, and what do you think that they busted out with, oh yeah, â€Å"Revolution†. A perfect ending to a good time.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  

Wednesday, October 23, 2019

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Essay

The relationship between The United States and The Soviet Union after World War II was tense. This time was known as The Cold War. Although the two countries were allies during the war, they soon became enemies. Each country was trying to build up their nuclear arms and wanted to know what the other had in their arsenal. Although both countries had their share of spies, two very famous spies from the Soviet Union were Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Julius Rosenberg was born on May 12, 1918 in New York City. After attending high school and the City College of New York, he graduated in 1939 with a degree in electrical engineering. Less than a year later, he married Ethel Greenglass and had two sons, Michael and Robert. Ethel was born on born September 28, 1915 in New York. The two met at the Young Communist League, which Julius was a leader in 1936 and later on they both joined the American Communist Party. Ethel worked as a secretary and Julius worked at a company until 1945 when Julius was fired from his job because he was suspected of being part of the American Communist Party, when in fact, he and Ethel dropped out of the party in 1943 so they could focus on Julius’s espionage doings. Julius Rosenberg was arrested on June 17th, 1950 for suspicion on espionage. His brother in law, David Greenglass gave his name when he confessed to espionage and was arrested. David also gave the name of his wife but not yet of Ethel. Ethel wasn’t arrested until August 11th. Although many people they were involved with gave names of other spies, the Rosenberg’s didn’t give any names. The FBI though Julius was â€Å"just the next in a row of falling dominoes, but unlike the dominoes in line before him, Julius did not tip over†( were arrested for telling secrets to the soviet union. They were also involved with the Manhattan Project, the â€Å"top-secret effort of Allied scientists to develop an atomic bomb† ( When the Rosenberg’s wouldn’t give any Intel about the Manhattan project or anyone else in the spy ring, they were brought to trial. The Rosenberg’s were put on trial on March 6th, 1951. They were charged with conspiracy to commit espionage. â€Å"Treason could not be charged because the United States was not at war with the Soviet Union† ( The Rosenberg’s attorneys were Emanuel and Alexander Bloch. â€Å"From the beginning, the trial attracted a high amount of media attention and generated a largely polarized response from observers† ( Some people thought the Rosenberg’s were clearly guilty, others believed they were innocent. During the trial David Greenglass told the jury about the secrets Julius told to the Soviet Union. Bloch argued that â€Å"Greenglass was lying in order to gain revenge because he blamed Rosenberg for their failed business venture and to get a lighter sentence for himself† ( The trial ended on April 4th, it lasted almost a month. David Greenglass was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for his cooperation and admission of his guilt. Sobell was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Both Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted and sentenced to death row on March 29th, 1951 under the espionage act. Although they had a way out of this by admitting to espionage and by giving names of other people in the spy ring, they refused. A lot of people were shocked and thought it was bad for the courts to orphan 2 young boys when there wasn’t even any evidence of the espionage, but they continued with it anyways. The Rosenberg’s continued to state their innocence until there execution. They were on death row for 26 months before they were executed by electric chair on their wedding anniversary, June 19th, 1953. Since the cold war ended, there has been confirmation that the Rosenberg’s were in fact spies and were guilty of espionage. This trial was so important to the cold war because it was the first time spies with little proof, were executed. The Rosenberg’s sons tried for many years to prove there parent’s innocence.

Tuesday, October 22, 2019

Case Analysis Chevrolet Europe

Case Analysis Chevrolet Europe Problem Statement The manager for brand strategy of GM addressed the Project Midas team in early 2004. The marketing team of the Project Midas had to provide â€Å"a positioning statement for the Chevrolet brand in Europe† (Kerin Peterson 644). The Project Midas had to provide the statement, but the product line of the GM Daewoo, model characteristics, prices, distribution coverage and dealers’ sales practices were to remain the same.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Case Analysis: Chevrolet Europe specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Additionally, the Project Midas team had to achieve a goal of one percent market share for the brand in the European market (Kerin Peterson 634). However, the primary objective of the Project Midas team was to make European car buyers acquainted with the Chevrolet brand. Admittedly, the marketing team had to make the brand popular (or at least known) to achieve other goa ls provided. Short Summary of the Facts Basically, the Project Midas had to make the Chevrolet brand known to Europeans as the brand was â€Å"virtually unknown† to European customers in 2004 (Kerin Peterson 649). According to research less than one percent of European customers knew the Chevrolet brand and its bowtie logo. On the other hand, Daewoo cars were quite popular in many European countries. This could be a very good foundation for the development of the appropriate strategy. Analysis of the Facts Unknown to the European car buyers In the first places, it is important to consider the fact that the Chevrolet brand was quite unknown to the European car buyers. As has been mentioned above, less than 1% of the European customers knew anything about Chevrolet. Therefore, it could be possible to create a positioning statement from scratch, i.e. the marketing team could develop a brand-new strategy to introduce the brand. On the other hand, some people could have some misc onceptions concerning the car. For instance, Europeans could think the car was not for them â€Å"due to preconceptions of American cars as gas-guzzling yank tanks† (Kerin Peterson 649). Therefore, while creating a positioning statement, it was essential to take into account this fact as well. Thus, The Project Midas marketing team did not have to adapt certain strategy to the existing portfolio of the brand (as the brand was almost unknown), but they had to debunk existing misconceptions. Positive image of the Daewoo brand Secondly, while constructing a positioning statement, the Project Midas team could exploit popularity of certain Daewoo cars. For instance, Daewoo Matiz was particularly popular in such countries as Poland, Chech Republic, Portugal and Italy. More so, according to Kerin Peterson it became the winner at â€Å"The World’s Most Beautiful Automobile of 1998† (in the segment of the small car) (644). According to research held in 2003 owners of t he Matiz (or potential buyers of this car) valued such qualities as reliability and fair price (Kerin Peterson 646). It was also found that the owners of these cars were loyal to the brand. Other preferences expressed by the European buyers of the Matiz were as follows: â€Å"peace of mind†, practicality of the car, applicability for urban settings, style and â€Å"friendly dealership personnel† (Kerin Peterson 648).Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Customer Profile Finally, it is also important to consider the customers’ profile. The European car owners can be divided into three major groups: the â€Å"Social Climber Segment† (upper middle class and middle class) represents 9% of cars owners, the â€Å"Conventional Modern/Progressive Modern Mainstream Segment† (younger middle class, above-average income) represents 18% of c ars owners, the â€Å"Counter Culture Segment† (lower class, middle class) represents 8% of cars owners (Kerin Peterson 640). Admittedly, it is quite difficult to address all the three groups. However, it is possible to cover at least two of them. It could be effective to address the latter two segments. Interestingly, Kerin Peterson provide the following customer profile of the Daewoo brand customers: unpretentious, â€Å"traditional meaning of life†, broad age range, mainly married (649). Therefore, these customers could form the target group of the new campaign aimed at introducing the Chevrolet brand. Alternatives It is possible to suggest at least three alternatives to achieve the goal mentioned above. In the first place, it is effective to use various informational channels to make people aware of the new brand. For instance, the experience of the Chevrolet brand proved to be quite effective. They provided Daewoo cars owners with corporate letters (sent via e-m ail) which announced the changes which were taking place (Hollensen 582). Therefore, loyal buyers could learn more about the changes which were taking place in the company. However, it could be more effective to use the Internet more excessively. Not only Daewoo cars buyers should be acquainted with the Chevrolet brand. It is possible to send information about the brand to buyers of various products (other cars, or even tyres). Apart from this, it is essential to take parts in various events: exhibitions, fairs, competitions. This can help to introduce the new brand to a wide audience. It can be effective to sponsor various TV programs which have the same audience as the target group of the Daewoo brand customers. This will help to raise the awareness among loyal customers of the Daewoo brand. Besides, it can be also effective to collaborate with various companies. For instance, the Chevrolet car could be a prize for the winner of some competition held by some retailing network. Thi s could be a good way to promote the new Chevrolet brand. However, it is not enough just to announce the appearance of the new brand on the European market. It can be more effective to focus on debunking misconceptions of American cars. The information channels mentioned above could be used (the Internet, TV, sponsorship, collaboration with other companies).Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Case Analysis: Chevrolet Europe specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Apart from these channels, it can be effective to start an advertising campaign with new advertisement (video, pictures, brochures) available on the Internet, on TV and in print. The major focus of the campaign will be the following message: some American cars were really ‘gas-guzzling’, but at present American cars are as economical as their European counterparts. Recommendations / Solutions Thus, the major goal is to make people acquainted with th e new brand. One of the trumps of the Chevrolet in Europe is that Europeans know little about the brand itself, but they have certain misconceptions concerning American cars. It can be effective to note that even though this misconception was true in the past, now things have changed. The advertising campaign should communicate the following messages: American cars were ‘gas-guzzling’ before the 2000s; American car producers (the Chevrolet brand in particular) now address environmental concerns; American car producers (the Chevrolet brand in particular) address issues concerning gas and financial crises; The Chevrolet brand is aware of the European customers’ needs; The Chevrolet brand strives for meeting the European customers’ needs. Admittedly, such attention to the needs of the customers will create a positive image of the company and the new brand. Negative emotions are believed to be stronger than positive ones. Therefore, information based on nega tive emotions can be more memorable and credible. Of course, it is important to ‘convert’ negative things in highly positive. Thus, it can be effective to contrast some conventional American cars with the new Chevrolet brand cars. It is also important to explain why the American manufacturer chooses the new concepts. The European customers should get the answer to the questions: Why Americans have chosen Daewoo? Can this American brand be suitable for Europeans? Besides, it is essential to make people understand that all the qualities valued in the Daewoo brand will be present in the Chevrolet brand. It is important to remember that Daewoo Matiz cars have been really popular in Europe. For instance, in 2002, more than 132,000 units were sold in Europe (Kerin Peterson 644). Therefore, it is necessary to use this popularity. It is possible to communicate the idea of high quality. Again, it is important to make customers think of American cars’ quality. It is possi ble to communicate the following message: the popular European car was approved by the American car manufacturer. Admittedly, world recognition will increase the brand’s value.Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As far as information channels are concerned, it is possible to make the major focus on the Internet which has become one of the central information channel. People are extensively using the Internet which is often associated with innovations and progressiveness. This is a very good channel to introduce the new modern car brand. Hollensen, Svend. Global Marketing: A Decision-Oriented Approach. Harlow, Essex: Pearson Education, 2007. Kerin, Roger and Robert Peterson. Strategic Marketing Problems: Cases and Comments. Lebanon, Indiana: Prentice Hall, 2009.

Monday, October 21, 2019

Critically discuss the role of the constructive Essays

Critically discuss the role of the constructive Essays Critically discuss the role of the constructive Essay Critically discuss the role of the constructive Essay Critically discuss the function of the constructive trust in protecting the involvements of those whose ownership is non reflected by the Land Registry. ( 1500 words ) A constructive trust is one that arises by operation of the jurisprudence, and there are three wide classs of such trust. The first is the constructive trust that arises as a consequence of the just axiom that equity looks upon that as done which ought to be done. As such, these trusts enhance the rights of the parties to specifically enforceable contracts. The 2nd type of constructive trust arises where a beneficiary’s just proprietary rights have been threatened by a breach of trust. The concluding wide class of the constructive trust arises where an single acquires for the first clip an involvement in the belongings of another as a consequence of their past relationship or traffics with that other individual ( that is, the legal proprietor ) . [ 1 ] One can see from the beginning that the constructive trust, so, has a potentially of import function to play in land jurisprudence. This essay will discourse and analyze this function, with peculiar mention to the protection of the involvements of those whose ownership is non reflected in the Land Registry ( although such individuals are falling in figure as a consequence of the e-conveyancing revolution ) . One can see that all the three types of constructive trusts can play a function in protecting the involvements of those whose involvements have non been registered in the Land Registry, albeit at different phases in the life of the peculiar involvement. For illustration, the first type of constructive trust identified ; that which arises through the operation of the axiom that equity looks upon that as done which ought to be done, can be seen to protect the parties to a belongings dealing which will normally hold two phases. These phases are normally an initial contract of sale, followed later by the formal executing of paperss which transfer the rubric to the belongings in inquiry to the purchaser. The obvious danger to the purchaser in such fortunes is that the seller refuses to honor the contract for sale and does non put to death the paperss to reassign rubric. Obviously at this phase there is no registered involvement on the portion of the purchaser, and as such equity stairss i n to help him or her. Provided the belongings being sold is â€Å"unique in the eyes of equity† ( which all land is considered to be ) , equity will let the purchaser an excess redress. Equally long as his common jurisprudence right to action for amendss, the just redress of specific public presentation of the contract will let the purchaser to action for the belongings itself. The concluding behind this is that equity considers the rubric to the belongings to hold been transferred from the seller to the purchaser at the minute the contract of sale is agreed. This is the minute at which a constructive trust comes into being, and the seller holds, in the eyes of equity, the belongings on constructive trust for the purchaser until such times as the transportation of legal rubric is completed, at which stage the involvement will be registered on the Land Registry. This scenario clearly illustrates the nature of the constructive trust as arising by operation of the jurisprudence and protecting the unre gistered involvements of purchasers of land. It can already be seen, so, that the constructive trust represents an informal creative activity of proprietary rights in land. This is something that by and large English jurisprudence has traditionally non favoured. [ 2 ] This is because of the supreme concerns of land jurisprudence for lucidity and certainty in this country. The informal creative activity of rights in land is evidently inherently unsure and hence impinges on these concerns. The constructive trust is a premier illustration of the informal creative activity of rights in land. As has been mentioned, such a trust arises where it would fraudulent for the legal rubric holder of a piece of belongings to asseverate his exclusive good ownership â€Å"in disparagement of just rights which have already been bargained off informally to another.† [ 3 ] That is to state that a deal has been made between the legal proprietor and the prospective purchaser of the belongings in inquiry, and that deal renders it conscienceles s for the seller to asseverate his ain good rubric to the exclusion of the purchaser. As with other countries of equity, the protection afforded the purchaser by the infliction of a constructive trust will go available merely one time the purchaser has relied upon the deal in inquiry. The being of constructive trusts in this country is to a great extent coloured by the statutory rejection of mere unwritten gifts or deals, as exemplified in theLaw of Property Act 1925, s53 ( 1 ) ( B ) ( degree Celsius ) . There is, so, a balance to be struck between this rejection and the demand to protect the bargained involvement of the possible purchaser, despite that interest’s informal beginnings. This balance can be seen as a certain threshold of conscienceless behavior on the portion of the intended seller, beyond which the constructive trust will step in to battle this unconscionability. Put merely, as Nourse LJ did in the instance ofGrant V Edwards( 1986 ) , where the legal rubric holder has entered into an understanding which is later acted upon by the other party, to portion or apportion the good ownership of a peculiar piece of land in some manner, equity will non let the supposed seller unconscionably to deny the good involvement conceded and will therefore â⠂¬Å"construct a trust to give consequence to it† . [ 4 ] In the more colorful linguistic communication of Justice Cardozo in the instance ofBeatty V Guggenheim Exploration Co( 1919 ) , the constructive trust provides the â€Å"formula through which the scruples of equity discoveries expression.† The fortunes in which a constructive trust will run to protect the unregistered involvements of persons in belongings were set down by Lord Diplock in the seminal instance V 1971 ) . Such fortunes were where â€Å" [ A ] has so conducted himself that it would be unjust to let him to deny to [ B ] a good interest† in his land. This was limited, nevertheless, by the fact that the unjust result which the constructive trust sought to rectify would originate merely if â€Å" [ A ] by his words or behavior has induced [ B ] to move to [ his ] ain hurt in the sensible belief that by so acting [ he ] was geting a good involvement in the land.† [ 5 ] This, so, can be seen both to reflect general just rules that the donee of equity must hold relied to their hurt on something, and besides that the constructive trust’s function in protecting the good ownership of those non reflected in the Land Registry is non every bit wide as it may at first appear. One of the most noteworthy characteristics of the constructive trust is that it is statutorily exempted from any demand of formal authorship and therefore is good placed to protect informal rights, albeit to a limited extent as outlined above ( LPA 1925, s53 ( 2 ) ) . What type of involvement does the constructive trust grant the purchaser? This will really much depend on the fortunes of the single instance, and this country reflects the flexibleness of the constructive trust. For illustration, the fortunes may be such that the constructive trust grants the purchaser an absolute good involvement ; that is, for illustration, an just fee simple estate. Alternatively, fortunes may be such that it is merely appropriate to confabulate a limited good involvement on the purchaser such as a life involvement. Finally, a constructive trust may allow a ‘fractional’ involvement on the purchaser ; that is an just right to a fraction of the ownership such as a half or a 3rd. When the constructive trust takes consequence, it becomes a ‘trust of land’ and as such is governed by theTrusts of Land and Appointments of legal guardians Act 1986. The constructive trust is a potentially powerful method of protecting the involvements of those individuals whose involvement are non yet registered in the Land Registry. The flexibleness of the constructive trust is reflected in the broad scope of involvements which it has imposed in assorted fortunes, such as an just fee simple estate inDoohan v Nelson( 1973 ) , a life involvement inBannister V Bannister( 1948 ) , a long rental inYaxley V Gotts( 2000 ) , or an estate contract inLyus V Prowsa Developments Ltd( 1982 ) . The fortunes in which it operates are, nevertheless, limited, and this can be seen as a consequence of the tenseness between rules of English land jurisprudence of certainty and formality and the informal creative activity of belongings rights. Bibliography Legislative act Law of Property Act 1925 Trusts of Land and Appointments of legal guardians Act 1986 Cases Bannister V Bannister [ 1948 ] 2 All ER 133, CA Beatty V Guggenheim Exploration Co 225 NY 380 ( 1919 ) Doohan V Nelson [ 1973 ] 2 NSWLR 320 V [ 1971 ] AC 886, HL Grant V Edwards [ 1986 ] Ch 638 Lyus V Prowsa Developments Ltd [ 1982 ] 1 WLR 1044 Yaxley V Gotts [ 2000 ] Ch 162, CA Secondary beginnings Bray, J. , Turner, C. and Martin, J. ( 2004 ) Unlocking Land Law ( London: Hodder Arnold ) Gray, K. and Gray, S.F. ( 2003 ) Land Law, 3rdEdition ( London: LexisNexis ) Gray, K. and Gray, S.F. ( 2005 ) Elementss of Land Law ( London: LexisNexis ) Penner, J.E. ( 2004 ) The Law of Trusts, 4ThursdayEdition ( London: LexisNexis )

Sunday, October 20, 2019

Schools Safety Essays - Gun Politics In The United States

Schools Safety Essays - Gun Politics In The United States Cristal Williams, Anthony Moreno, Alex Adkins, Kelvin Burford, Rocio Terry RES/351 Preparing to Conduct Business Research Instructor: Said Nik-khah October 12, 2015 Schools Safety This paper will describe the selected issue of School Safety. There comes a time in everyone's life where they have heard of, dealt with, or come in contact with the issue of School Safety. In recent events, school safety is questioned because of gun violence. There have been many school shootings that put school safety at great risk. This week, the nation was once again shocked, as a gunman killed nine at a community college in Oregon. It's the uniquely American gun paradox: how can something so horrifying be so routine? As a somber bordering on disgusted President Obama noted: "We've become numb to this." In truth, this isn't everyday violence it's more than every day. In the 274 days of 2015, we've had 294 mass shootings, and 986 since Sandy Hook in 2012. The question is, when will our level of disgust be high enough that we do what's needed to lower the body count? "If you think this is a problem," said the president, "then you should expect your elected officials to reflect your views." Until that happens, he said, we all bear a share of the blame: "We collectively are answerable to those families who lose their loved ones because of our inaction." Will we rise to the challenge? (School Shootings, 2015). The issues that many of these public schools face is the lack of implemented safety precautions such as not having enough or any metal detectors in site, some schools may not have a resource officer on duty, a better security plan and protocol, not having enough parenting presence which has confirmed in the past few years, that many of those parents of children and adolescent with mental and behavioral issues were not aware of their children committing such massacres like the one in Sandy Hook and Columbine High School. Lastly, better gun laws and education, these continue to remain an issue that has led to those recent school shootings. The magnitude of finding the right solution to the ongoing school safety when it comes to the recent school shootings is by identifying a better type of control over the gun issue that starts with the following. The United States Supreme Court is facing an extremely important, however, delicate subject when it comes to the gun laws in America. As we contemplate the deaths of young children at Sandy Hook, of movie-goers in Aurora, of those at prayer in Oak Creek, of those meeting with their elected officials in Tucson, of the 30,000 annual deaths from gun violence in this country, we need to ask ourselves what it will take to achieve effective public health strategies to end this bloody epidemic. In the past few years, states have seen historic and unprecedented progress in adopting gun laws to help keep communities safe from gun violence. A total of 99 new laws strengthening gun regulations have passed in 37 states nationwide since December 12, 2012, and ten states have made major overhauls to their gun laws. 2014 was a remarkable year for smart gun laws, with California's Gun Violence Restraining Order Law, Washington State's successful ballot initiative for universal background checks, and seven states adopting legislation to keep guns out of the hands of domestic violence abusers. However, the single biggest gap in our nation's gun laws is the lack of a background check requirement when an unlicensed individual sells a gun. Unlike licensed gun dealers, unlicensed "private" sellers are not required to conduct background checks on gun purchasers. This gap allows thousands of dangerous people, including convicted felons, domestic abusers, and the dangerously mentally ill, to acquire guns every year, even though they are legally ineligible to possess them. There are two major federal laws that regulate firearm ownership and sales. The National Firearms Act of 1934 restricts civilians from owning automatic weapons, short-barreled shotguns, hand grenades, and other powerful arms. The Gun Control Act of 1968 focuses on commerce. It prohibits mail-order sales of weapons and requires anyone in the business of selling guns to be federally licensed and keep permanent sales records. It also prohibits knowingly selling

Saturday, October 19, 2019

Maritime bussines Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Maritime bussines - Essay Example The international trade remains successful first of all because of the improvement in marine transportation (The Long History of Shipping Company). However, besides the advantages, recent global changes also brought some problems and changes shipping organizations have to solve and adapt to. The given paper will discuss the issue of adaptation in relation to shipping organizations. The main stress will be made on the necessity for such adaptation. These advices on success and adaptation might serve as a model for shipping organizations, which go through difficult times. Notwithstanding that shipping organizations sometimes have problems they are very successful in development and their business is thriving. The typical problems frequently met by the companies are delays in delivery, problems with documents, and problems with communication. Information technologies development made it possible for shipping companies to control the ships and provide the needed level of security. Â  Today the main task of shipping originations is to adapt to the developing of new technologies, especially in creating new systems of controlling and spreading the data. Modern shipping organization needs a modern database to track the information, and thus having correct information is the key element of the successful functioning of the company. The absence of a good database in any shipping organization might even indirectly lead to its closing, and much has already been said about it. Any organization needs the ability to adapt to the changing environment, as it is always influenced by the limited resources and increasing competition. Only a few organizations are able to develop a strong plan of adaptation looking for opportunities of modernizing their techniques and making marketing strategies work effectively. Shipping company should be was mainly concentrated on the issue of information technologies,

Friday, October 18, 2019

A Tour to Maasai Mara Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1

A Tour to Maasai Mara - Assignment Example At first, I was worried because I had never taken a flight in such a big airplane. I also had the phobia of heights. My parents seemed relaxed probably because they were used to flying. Air hostesses were moving around the plane checking whether the passengers required any assistance. We were even served with drinks. My brother and I took coffee while my parents took wine. After eight hours, the plane landed on Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta international airport. â€Å"We are now in Kenya† bellowed my dad. There were two guys waiting for us at the airport and were holding placards bearing my parents’ name. They took us to a waiting van that drove us into a hotel in the city center where were to stay. The two guys were from a tour company with which my dad had made reservations prior to our journey. People from this city looked friendly and were always willing to help us. We were to visit several tourist destinations in Kenya and later Tanzania, a country that neighbor’s Kenya. We first toured Maasai Mara, a region is known world over due to the great wildebeest migration. The aircraft landed on a small airfield in the middle of the lowlands amidst lions and running giraffe. What I saw in Maasai Mara perplexed me. I had never seen a movement of animals as huge as the wildebeest migration. Our tour guide explained that over three million wildebeest migrate from Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park to Kenya’s Maasai Mara National Reserve in search of pastures. This we were told happens annually in the months of July through October. The migrating wildebeest crossed the Mara River where crocodiles would prey on them. It was the largest massacre of the wildebeest and the largest feast for the crocodiles. It was a sight to behold. The wildebeest would dither for hours on the riverbank, striding reluctantly into the river as they calcula ted the risks in the waters.

Homeland Security Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1

Homeland Security - Essay Example This definition of the effectiveness of the US department of Homeland security constitutes of various facts such as: the security services cannot stop all the terrorist attacks from taking place, the services have to create a strategy for both the longer run and the shorter run and the services should counter terrorist activities while balancing citizens interests, minimizing financial cost and making sure that citizens freedom is never at stake. Security services should devise plans that are fool proof and can prevent most of the attacks from taking place, this does not means that their plans can stop hundred percent of the attacks that are being planned and implemented. Even if the Homeland Security department cannot stop all the attacks, their measures are not necessarily ineffective. If at any particular point in time, no attacks are taking place, this does not represent that the strategy implemented by the department has become successful and are of utmost effectiveness. The Security services should always have a short term and long term strategy in position to counter both short term and long term plans. If they have only short term plans, then they are overlooking the longer plans that terrorist activity conductors have prepared. The services should plan its measures in accordance to the way terrorist organizations behave, they set long-term goals, all individuals are committed to a common goal and they are ready to e xperience utmost difficulty for the achievement of their cause. Terrorists are ready are actively participating in a never ending war with the security forces all around the world including Homeland Security, thus it is this the duty of the security department to continue creating a long-term strategy. While developing a strategy to counter terrorist activities, policy developers and strategy developers should ensure that their strategies and tactics do not harm the liberty and

Thursday, October 17, 2019

Who owns the Air Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Who owns the Air - Essay Example Theoretically, business can use the most effective technologies trying to get more profits from the exploitation of the resources. The growing concern about the air pollution may change the approach to pollution prevention from end of pipe approach to the reducing of the pollution at its source. However, so-called â€Å"green capitalism† is still oriented on the getting profit from the situation. Besides, private enterprise cannot be responsible for any trans-boundary effects or the externalities (German and Keeler, 2010). In case of the air pollution, private entrepreneur cannot be responsible for the pollutants that are transmitted from the other regions. It is hard to determine to what extent each company is responsible for the content of the pollutant in the certain region. Local (or regional) authorities could manage common pool resources (including air) through the effective self-governing institutions. The representatives of the community are aimed on the preservation of the resources and on the care about health within the location. Self-governing institutions may establish the rules (or the limitations) that exclude the undesirable agents. However, the community cannot predict rapidly changing circumstances and may not know how to deal with new actors. It is also hard to apply sanctions â€Å"from within† (German and Keeler, 2010). Apart from the reaction on the changing circumstances, local authorities are also not protected from the trans-boundary effects. The state is not always the best agent in the sphere of pollution prevention. On the one hand, the state establish the legislation and tradable environmental allowances for the whole territory of the country. It possesses enough resources to organize control the pollution. State programs of pollution prevention take into account the interests of local authorities and private enterprises. On the

State and local week 3 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

State and local week 3 - Essay Example As well, as limits the age contribution of up to 25 dollars. Chapter 55 section 7A elaborates further on the individual’s contribution to candidates, as well as penalties and event expenditure controls. The state offers partial financing to the matching grants program. The state also set electronic disclosures requirements for the candidate and committees of all contributions. Regulation of the campaign financing is an area where the state could consider putting the requirements for donor disclosure. Additionally, change the very public financing for campaigns is paramount. Having a preliminary vote for approval of a party or candidate, for example, enroll 5% of the state members to the party can also help. The state could also drop the campaign finance. It could also eliminate or review disclosure exemptions for donations as it will help detect fraudulent schemes. Reforming the federal elections commission will also serve to change the

Wednesday, October 16, 2019

Who owns the Air Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Who owns the Air - Essay Example Theoretically, business can use the most effective technologies trying to get more profits from the exploitation of the resources. The growing concern about the air pollution may change the approach to pollution prevention from end of pipe approach to the reducing of the pollution at its source. However, so-called â€Å"green capitalism† is still oriented on the getting profit from the situation. Besides, private enterprise cannot be responsible for any trans-boundary effects or the externalities (German and Keeler, 2010). In case of the air pollution, private entrepreneur cannot be responsible for the pollutants that are transmitted from the other regions. It is hard to determine to what extent each company is responsible for the content of the pollutant in the certain region. Local (or regional) authorities could manage common pool resources (including air) through the effective self-governing institutions. The representatives of the community are aimed on the preservation of the resources and on the care about health within the location. Self-governing institutions may establish the rules (or the limitations) that exclude the undesirable agents. However, the community cannot predict rapidly changing circumstances and may not know how to deal with new actors. It is also hard to apply sanctions â€Å"from within† (German and Keeler, 2010). Apart from the reaction on the changing circumstances, local authorities are also not protected from the trans-boundary effects. The state is not always the best agent in the sphere of pollution prevention. On the one hand, the state establish the legislation and tradable environmental allowances for the whole territory of the country. It possesses enough resources to organize control the pollution. State programs of pollution prevention take into account the interests of local authorities and private enterprises. On the

Tuesday, October 15, 2019

Strategy Implementation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Strategy Implementation - Essay Example They need to update and improve their mission and visionary statements. A modification of their mission statement would be beneficial for them to create a new and improved business image. StilSim needs to fix its value statements and maintain them as well. Along with these, they need to create a list of stratagems to assist them in their success. To determine the risk factors that could hinder them, they should create a new organizational structure that also contains a plan of backup in the event that the new organizational structure implemented does not work. They would also benefit from a behavior controlling system, thus allowing StilSim to offer incentives and rewards to their employees, improving performance rates. Finally, StilSim needs to address the ethics problems they have and make plans for the issues that they currently have not addressed. If StilSim were to execute these changes, they would be able to be more competitive within the market and create a new period of reven ue. StilSim’s Mission and Vision Statements The name ‘StilSim’ is suggestive of the enthusiasm we have about our company. We have a large knowledge base about our people and recognitions that we have gotten from our workings in the market and in our community. In keeping with our individuality and enthusiasm, our name also implies the same. Currently, we have three operating offices in Ohio, where our staff is extensively knowledgeable of our clients’ accounts. They provide our clients with flexibility that no other company can. We have been operating for over 25 years and truly understand the trials of our chosen market, allowing us to provide the services that can exceed those tests. Value Statement Our values are simple and altruistic: Respect, integrity, honesty, quality, excellence and continued improvement are our commitments. We are committed to our clientele, which has been our primary focal point and number one priority in our service presentation . We honor our clients, partners, shareholders and employees, with a passion that provides exceptional results. To ensure quality of service and understanding, we provide all of our customers and employees with a handbook complete with all of the pertinent information about our company. Plan of Action In order for StilSim to implement the necessary changes, they must have a plan of action that is ascertainable. It will make certain that they are looking after our customers and ensuring that no one and nothing is left behind. The current plan of action is a low cost strategy that is perceived to allow them to move forward and be successful. StilSim believes that they need to update our technological base, as it is the original platform they started with. In today’s world, technological advances are in constant flux and for them to keep up with the times they must implement new technology in order to compete. To start, StilSim needs to upgrade their current database. This infor mation is imperative to be kept in a highly organized, accessible, manageable construct. An upgrade to the database will also allow the company to classify the information they have based on content. Another technological update that would be beneficial is the use of intranet. This will allow StilSim to communicate more efficiently within the company’s borders, improve communication in the sharing of data and improve employees’ knowledge of the company’s workings. StilSim would greatly benefit from voicemail, to

Looking to the future Essay Example for Free

Looking to the future Essay The purpose of this assignment is to identify and describe my personal, professional and academic goal, apply the Smart Goal process and explain each component, create how I will predict success in achieving my goals based on my past positive experiences, and my personality as it relates to being an online student. Obtaining my BA in Complimentary and Alternate Health while, attending Ashford University online will most definitely help with achieving my long-term academic, personal and professional goals. My Goals and SMART Goals Creating a game plan for success can be challenging, however after evaluating my future, building on past positive experiences, I need to determine what I need, to reach my long-term goal which is to become a Registered Dietician by the age of 48. By starting with my BA in Complimentary and Alternate Health I can achieve my short-term goal. This is a four year degree program that requires 120 credits to complete the Degree program. In the past, I attended school while being a full time mom and employee. I worked long hours and attend school at night; I was able to complete college with an Associate Degree in Business Office Technology. This is an example of setting SMART goals. After completing my degree program online at Ashford University I plan to continue with online classes at Auburn University. My long-term goal is to achieve my Master of Science with an emphasis in Nutrition Science. These goals will take hard work and commitment but they are realistic as well as achievable. Accountability and Countering Challenges Accomplishing these goals will take accountability, which starts with me. I am responsible for my success so I must have a plan that includes; overcoming obstacles that might have a negative impact on me being successful in school, I must set expectations for myself and meet them.

Monday, October 14, 2019

History of Wine and History of Wine Making Processes

History of Wine and History of Wine Making Processes Introduction Wine is one of the oldest things in history. It was part of the history since the pharaohs existence and it is still to these days. Wine was consumed for several reasons such as rituals, religious purposes, or just for the love of it. This research will discuss the general history of wine, where the first grapes were trodden, a general history of wine making, the process of making wines, classification of wines and different point of views of wine from different people. This will answer the question: What does one need to know about wine? Wine making has been around for thousands of years. It has been used for at least 4,500 years. Egyptian records dating from 2500 BC refer to the use of grapes for wine making (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). The first wines seem to have originated in the Middle East. In the Old Testament, there are also frequent references to wine. In its basic form, wine making is a natural process that requires very little human intervention. Mother Nature provides everything that is needed to make wine; â€Å"it is up to humans to embellish, improve, or totally eradicate what nature has provided, to which anyone with extensive wine tasting experience can attest† (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). There are five basic components or steps to making wine: harvesting, crushing and pressing, fermentation, clarification, and aging and bottling (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). Undoubtedly, one can find endless deviations and variations along the way. In fact, it is the variants and little deviations at any point in the process that make life interesting. They also make each wine unique and ultimately contribute to the greatness or embarrassment of any particular wine. What One Needs to Know About Wine Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from the juice of grapes. During fermentation, the yeasts digest sugars found in fruit juice, producing alcohol and carbon dioxide gas in the process. Although grapes are the most common fruit used to make wine, wine is also made from the fermented juice of pears, apples, berries, and even flowers such as dandelions (Gabler 2003). Wine naturally contains about 85 to 89 percent water, 10 to 14 percent alcohol, less than 1 percent fruit acids, and hundreds of aroma and flavor components in very small amounts. Wine character is derived from many factors including the grapes it is made from, where they were grown, and the production techniques applied by the wine maker (Anderson 1989). The practice of making wine is as old as our most ancient civilizations, and wine has played a central role in human culture for more than 8,000 years. In contrast to most foods and beverages that spoil quickly or that can spread disease, wine does not spoil if stored properly. The alcohol in wine which is called ethanol, is present in sufficient concentrations to kill disease-causing microorganisms, and throughout history, â€Å"wine was often safer to drink than water or milk† (McGovern 2003). This property was so significant that before the connection between microorganisms, poor sanitation, and disease was understood, ancient civilizations regarded wine as a gift from the gods because it protected against disease. The earliest scientific evidence of grapes is the fossil vines. In the Old Testament of the Bible, Noah planted a vineyard and made wine (McGovern 2003). As cultivated fermentable crops, honey and grain are older than grapes. Wine and history have greatly influenced one another. History of Wine Wine was discovered by accident as a natural phase of grape spoilage. It has been established that by about 4000 BC, grape cultivation and wine drinking had started (McGovern 2003). The first developments were around the Caspian Sea and in Mesopotamia. There are also some texts found in tombs which prove that wine has been used in ancient Egypt. Priests and royalty were using wine during ceremonies, while beer was drunk by the workers. The Egyptians developed the first arbors and pruning methods (Hurley 2005). Archeological excavations have uncovered many sites with sunken jars, and this gave researchers the idea that ancient people have known that temperature had effect on stored wine (â€Å"Wine History† 2008). The spread of the Greek civilization started the wine origin in Europe. â€Å"Homers Odyssey and Iliad both contain excellent and detailed descriptions of wine† (Arkell 2006). Wine was an important article of Greek commerce and Greek doctors (i.e. Hippocrates). The Greeks also learned to add herbs and spices to mask spoilage. Starting at about 1000 BC, the Romans made major contributions in classifying grape varieties and colors, observing and charting ripening characteristics, identifying diseases and recognizing soil-type preferences (â€Å"Wine History† 2008). They became skilled at pruning and increasing yields through irrigation and fertilization techniques. They also developed wooden cooperage which is a great advance for wine storage which had previously been done in skins or jars. They may also have been the first to use glass bottles. The Process of Wine-Making Wine is the product of the fermentation by yeast of grape juice or grape must which is a grape juice that still contains the fruits skins and seeds. Once the grape sugar has been completely consumed, fermentation is complete, and wine has been produced. Enology is the science that deals with wine making. The basic production elements of wine are simple, manipulation of the grapes, juice or must, and wine to produce the desired combination of flavors and aromas which is very difficult. Many recognize this process as an art form. Wine makers try to optimize production of specific aromas and flavors that is described with terms like cherry, chocolate, and vanilla; and minimize the formation of negative flavors and aromas that is described as wet dog, plastic, and rotten egg. It is also important that the wine acids and alcohol are balanced. If the wine is too acidic, the wine may taste sour. If the ethanol level is too high, the wine will have a strong taste of alcohol. Harvesting The single most important factor that contributes to a wines character is the grapes that are used. Grapes influence the wines flavor, alcohol content, acidity, and even its color. White wine, which is actually straw to golden-yellow in color, is produced from white grapes, and red wine is produced from red grapes. Red and white wine production is basically the same except for one primary difference: the presence of the grape skins during fermentation. White grapes are crushed and the juice separated from the skins prior to fermentation. Red wine is fermented with the grape skins. Red pigments that are called anthocyanins and other compounds in the grape skins are extracted during the fermentation process to divulge the characteristic red color of the wine as well as other features (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). A blush or rose wine is light pink in color and is produced from red grapes not fermented with the skins. A little pigment is released when the red grapes are crushed, but not to the same extent as during fermentation. Crushing and Processing In modern wine production, the grapes are harvested from the vineyards and taken to a winery where they are passed through a machine called a destemmer-crusher that separates the fruit from the stems and cracks the berries open to release the juice (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). To make white wine, the must is transferred to a press where pressure is applied to separate the juice from the skins. The amount of pressure used influences what flavor compounds are extracted from the skins. After pressing, the white juice without the skins is transported to a fermentation tank. In red wine production, the must from the crusher is transferred directly to a tank for fermentation. Fermentation The containers used for fermentation are mostly stainless steel or wood. The type of container used and the temperature of fermentation influence the characters of the wine. Many of the aroma components of wine are volatile that is, they leave the wine by evaporation. This evaporation occurs faster at higher temperatures, so to retain fruity characters in the wine the temperature of fermentation must be controlled, usually by direct cooling of the fermentation tanks (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). Stainless steel is much easier to cool than wood and is preferred for temperature-crucial fermentation. Clarification The wine maker may allow fermentation to proceed relying only on the yeast naturally present on the grape skins and in the winery equipment or the wine maker may add extra yeast in a process known as inoculation. Two yeast species are used in fermentation, Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Saccharomyces bayanus (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). Yeast is responsible for the presence of positive but also negative aroma characters in wine. For example, when yeast is under stress it produces a compound called hydrogen sulfide, which smells like rotten eggs. To avoid this undesirable quality, a wine maker may add nutrients to the fermentation tank. The duration of fermentation also influences wine character. Other naturally occurring microorganisms may grow in the must or juice, affecting the flavors and aromas of the finished wine. For example, lactic acid bacteria use the acids in wine as a source of energy, reducing the wines acidity. These bacteria also produce other aromas and are responsible for the buttery smells that can be found in wine. Sometimes the wine maker restricts the growth of lactic acid bacteria, especially if the wine is already low in acidity or if the buttery character would clash with other aromas of the wine. The acetobacter which is â€Å"another type of bacteria can spoil the wine by converting ethanol to acetic acid to make vinegar† (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). When fermentation is complete, red wine is separated from the stems and grape skins by passing it through a press. Both red and white wines appear cloudy after fermentation, and the wine maker must wait for the yeast and other solids to settle to the bottom of the fermentation tank, forming sediment called the lees (Warrick 2006). The clear wine is racked or drawn off the lees and stored in a clean cask. In a process called fining, the wine maker may further clarify the wine by adding ingredients that attract unwanted particles, such as proteins that can cause cloudiness. These added ingredients settle to the bottom and can be easily removed. Aging and Bottling After fermentation, the wine maker has to decide how the wine will be aged. Aging of wine significantly affects the flavors and aromas present, and several different techniques are used. For example, wine aged in oak barrels picks up some flavor and aroma characters from the oak wood, a very desirable quality in some wines. A wine may be aged under conditions encouraging the loss of some of the fruity, volatile compounds, producing a wine rich in other characters, such as spicy or toasted flavors. Air exposure during aging can cause the phenolic wine compounds, extracted from grape skins and seeds, to combine with each other, producing large chemical compounds called â€Å"tannins† (â€Å"The Wine Making Process† 2008). Over time the tannins become so large that they form reddish-brown sediment in the bottle. This reduces wine bitterness and astringency. The length of time a wine is aged before it is bottled determines the extent to which these reactions occur. Once the wine has been aged, it is ready to be put into bottles, where it may continue to slowly age for many years. The Components of Wine The tannins are a component of a wine that is derived from the pips, skins and stalks of grapes. They are vitally important if a wine is intended to age, as they are a natural preservative. The tannins give structure and backbone to the wine (Robinson 2001). Tannins are of more importance in the ageing of red wines rather than white. The tannins act as a preservative, and as they fade over many years, the simple, primary fruit flavors have time to develop into the more complex flavors that are found in fine, aged wines (â€Å"The Components of Wine† 2008). As like with fruits, wines need acidity. Some acids, such as tartaric acid, are known as volatile acids, and in small amounts these can really lift the flavors in the wine. Too much, and the wine begins to resemble furniture polish, acetone or even vinegar (Robinson 2001). â€Å"Higher acidity denotes a wine from a cooler region, such as Northern France, England or New Zealand while low acid wines come from countries with warmer weather, such as Australia, where acidity in the harvested grapes is often low enough to warrant chemical acidification† (â€Å"The Components of Wine† 2008). Alcohol is the product of fermentation of the natural grape sugars by yeasts, and without it wine simply doesnt exist. The amount of sugar in the grapes determines what the final alcohol level will be. The conversion of sugar to alcohol is such a vital step in the process of making wine, that the control of fermentation is the focus of much of the attention of the modern winemaker. Fermentation generates heat, and a cool, controlled fermentation will result in very different flavors in the wine when compared with wines where fermentation is allowed to run riot (â€Å"The Components of Wine† 2008). The level of sugar in the wine determines how sweet it tastes. Even wines that taste very dry have some degree of residual sugar.Most dry wines have less than 2g/L of sugar, although levels of up to 25g/L may be present in wines which still taste dry due to the presence of acidity and tannin alongside the sugar (â€Å"The Components of Wine† 2008). The greater the amount of residual sugar in wine, the sweeter it taste. Many wines are matured in oak barrels, and some are even fermented in oak. Oak from different sources will impart different characteristics on the wine, but in general oak maturation gives aromas of butter, toffee, caramel, vanilla, spice and butterscotch. It all depends on how much oak is used, how much of it is new as opposed to re-used, how long the wine stays in contact with the wood, whether the wine is merely aged in oak or whether the fermentation takes place in it, how the oak has been treated, and so on. For instance, barrels that have been toasted, which means the cooper has formed them around a small fire, often burning the oak shavings he has produced in the manufacturing process, will have aromas of smoke and toast (â€Å"The Components of Wine† 2008). Barrels that have been steamed during manufacture, however, may give more oatmeal aromas. Although grapes affected by Botrytis look terrible, discolored and shriveled, they are the starting point for making some fabulous wines. The Botrytis has the effect of reducing water content in the grapes, concentrating the grape sugars. The quantity of wine is thus reduced, one reason touted for the cost of these bottles. Another is the need for careful selection of botrytis-affected grapes, requiring large numbers of pickers making numerous passes through the vineyard during the harvest weeks (â€Å"The Components of Wine† 2008). The wine that results has a rich, luscious texture, with sweet, concentrated fruit flavors. In many wines, the yeasts themselves are the cause of certain flavors. When a wine has completed fermentation it remains cloudy and contaminated with dead yeast cells. Many different techniques are employed to clarify the wine. Wines that remain on the lees for a long time, however, will take on extra richness and texture, with bread-like, biscuit-like aromas. The Classification of Wine Wines are categorized using a number of different methods. Sometimes they are grouped into different categories by grape variety, region of origin, by color, by the name of the wine maker or viticulturalist, or by production technique. Three basic groups of wines are most easily distinguishable for the consumer: table wines, sparkling wines, and fortified wines. Table Wines Table wines which are also known as still or natural wines are produced in many different styles and make up the majority of wines on the market. Traditionally consumed as part of a meal, table wines contain between 10 and 14 percent alcohol and are further classified by their color, sugar content, and the variety and origin of the grapes that were used (Parker 2002). Depending on the grape variety and wine-making technique, wines can be white, red, or pink in color. Most table wines are fermented until they are dry that is, all the grape sugar has been turned to alcohol by the yeast. Slightly sweet or off-dry wines are made by stopping the fermentation before all the sugar is gone or by adding grape juice back to the wine afterwards. In wine-producing regions outside of Europe, particularly California and Australia, table wines are often classified by the grape variety they are made from. At least 75 percent of the grapes used to produce the wine must be of the named grape variety. Chardonnay, for example, is wine made from at least 75 percent chardonnay grapes. Wines classified this way are sometimes called varietals, and include wines such as Riesling, cabernet sauvignon, and merlot (â€Å"A Brief History of Wine† 2004). The traditional European classification system puts more emphasis on the region—or appellation—where the wine is from. The French system of Appellation dOrigine Contrà ´là ©e labels wines based on their geographical pedigree (â€Å"A Brief History of Wine† 2004). The most renowned wine-producing regions in France, and possibly the world, are Burgundy, in central France, and Bordeaux, a region on the southwestern coast of the country. Bordeaux maintains a famous geographical classification system for some of its viticulture areas, dating back to the year 1855. Bordeaux ranks its best wineries, called chà ¢teaux, and their vineyards—crus, into five classes called grand crus. The highest class, called premier grand crus, is still held by only five wineries: Chà ¢teau Margaux, Chà ¢teau Latour, Chà ¢teau Mouton-Rothschild and Chà ¢teau Lafitte-Rothschild in Pauillac, plus Chà ¢teau Haut-Brion in Graves (â€Å"A Brief History of Wine† 2004). Wine s from these vineyards in France are considered to be among the highest-quality wines in the world. Altogether, France produces about 600 million cases of table wine each year. The French Appellation dOrigine Contrà ´là ©e system has been adopted by most other wine-producing countries. In addition to the primary grape variety used to make the wine, American wineries use a tag on their wine bottle labels called Appellation of Origin to indicate where the grapes were grown. An appellation can be a country, state, county, or geographically defined American Viticulture Area (AVA) (â€Å"A Brief History of Wine† 2004). At least 85 percent of the grapes used to produce the wine must be from the viticulture area stated on the label. The United States currently recognizes more than 130 AVAs, distinguishable by geographical features. The largest growing region in the United States, California, has at least 75 AVAs, including the Napa and Sonoma valleys (â€Å"A Brief History of Wine† 2004). About 150 million cases of table wine are produced in the United States each year. Sparkling Wines Sparkling wine is made from table wine that has undergone a second fermentation. The wine maker adds a measured amount of sugar and fresh yeast to the dry wine. This can happen in a closed tank, or directly in the bottle, which is the way the most famous sparkling wine, French champagne, is produced. The yeast ferments the added sugar, but this time the carbon dioxide gas remains in the sealed bottle, creating carbonation. When the sparkling wine is poured into a glass, it produces the gas bubbles to the surface. Under the Appellation dOrigine Contrà ´là ©e system, only sparkling wines produced in the Champagne region of northeastern France can officially use the name champagne (â€Å"A Brief History of Wine† 2004). Sparkling wines produced in all other regions of the world, even those produced using the traditional champagne method, are simply referred to as sparkling wines. About 13 million cases of sparkling wine are produced in the United States each year. Fortified Wines Fortified wines contain additional alcohol and are usually consumed in small amounts as aperitifs before meals or dessert wines after a meal. Popular examples are port and sherry. In port wine making, which originated in Portugal, the grapes are crushed and the fermentation started but then stopped by the addition of more alcohol, which kills the yeast. The resulting wine is sweet and has an alcohol content that is 5 to 10 percent higher than table wine. Originally from Spain, sherry is made by adding alcohol to a young dry wine in an oak barrel intentionally filled only halfway. Special yeasts called flour yeast grow on the surface of the wine and create the distinct nutty flavor characteristic of sherry (â€Å"A Brief History of Wine† 2004). About 8 million cases of fortified wines are produced in the United States each year. Brandy is made from wine but is classified as distilled liquor, not as wine. Brandy is distilled from wine to concentrate the alcohol in the wine. To make a distillate, wine is heated in an enclosed copper pot until it boils and the alcohol evaporates (â€Å"A Brief History of Wine† 2004). The alcoholic vapor passes through a coiled pipe where it is cooled down until it forms a liquid again, or condenses. After distillation the brandy is aged. Bottled brandy typically contains 40 percent alcohol and has been aged in oak barrels for several years. The Uses of Wine Wine is a popular and important beverage that accompanies and enhances a wide range of European and Mediterranean-style cuisines, from the simple and traditional to the most sophisticated and complex. Red, white and sparkling wines are the most popular, and are also known as light wines, because they only contain approximately 10-14% alcohol. The apà ©ritif and dessert wines contain 14-20% alcohol, and are fortified to make them richer and sweeter than the light wines (â€Å"Uses of Wine† 2006). Wine has been used in religious ceremonies in many cultures and the wine trade is of historical importance for many regions. Libations often included wine, and the religious mysteries of Dionysus are usually thought to have used wine as an entheogen (â€Å"Uses of Wine† 2006). In the New Testament, it states that Jesus very first miracle was to turn water into wine while in the Old Testament; it states that the fermentation of grapes was known by Noah after the great flood. Wine remains an essential part of the Eucharistic rites in the Orthodox, Catholic, Lutheran and Anglican denominations of Christianity (Parker 2002). Wine Professions Since wines had been around for thousand years, the following are the professions that are matched with the process of wine making (â€Å"Professions† 2006). A cooper is someone who makes wooden barrels, casks, and other similar wooden objects; a nà ©gociant is a wine merchant who assembles the produce of smaller growers and winemakers, and sells them under his own name; a vintner is a wine merchant or producer; a sommelier is a person in a restaurant who specializes in wine. They are usually in charge of assembling the wine list, staff education and making wine suggestions to customers. A winemaker is a person who makes wine; an oenologist is a wine scientist who is often referred to as a winemaker; and a viticulturist is a person who specializes in the science of the grapevines themselves. He can also be someone who manages a vineyard (decides how to prune, how much to irrigate, how to deal with pests, etc.) (â€Å"Professions† 2006). The Impact of Wine The health effects of wine are the subject of considerable ongoing debate and study. There had been many studies that reveal that wine consumption may reduce mortality due to 10% to 40% lower risk of coronary heart disease. This is because of the compounds known as polyphenols that are found in larger amounts in red wine, and there is some evidence that these are especially beneficial. One particularly interesting polyphenol found in red wine is resveratrol in which numerous beneficial effects have been attributed. Red wine also contains a significant amount of flavors and red anthocyanin pigments that act as antioxidants. With excessive consumption, however, any health benefits are offset by the increased rate of various alcohol-related diseases, primarily cancers of mouth, upper respiratory tract, and ultimately, cirrhosis of liver (â€Å"Medical Implications† 2008). Sulfites are chemicals that occur naturally in grapes and also are added to wine as a preservative. They can trigger a severe and life-threatening allergic reaction in a small percentage of consumers, primarily asthmatics. BIBLIOGRAPHY â€Å"A Brief History of Wine.† Honeycreek Vineyard and Orchard. 2004. Retrieved on May 22, 2008 from: Anderson, Stanley and Anderson, Dorothy. 1989. â€Å"Winemaking: Recipes, Equipments and Techniques for Making Wine at Home.† Harvest Books Press. 304 pp. Arkell, Julie. â€Å"Wine.† Collins Press. 2006. 192 pp. Gabler, James. â€Å"Wine into Words: A History and Bibliography of Wine Books in the English Language.† Bacchus Press. 2003. 503 pp. Hurley, John. â€Å"A Matter of Taste: A History of Wine Drinking in Britain.† The History press Ltd. 2005. 256 pp. McGovern, Patrick. â€Å"Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture.† Princeton University Press. 2003. 360 pp. â€Å"Medical Implications.† 2006. Retrieved on May 22, 2008 from: Parker, Robert. â€Å"The Wine Buyers Guide.† Sixth Edition. Dorling Kindersley Publisher Ltd. 2002. 1648 pp. â€Å"Professions.† 2006. Retrieved on May 22, 2008 from: Robinson, Jancis. â€Å"How to Taste: A Guide to Enjoying Wine.† Simon and Schuster. 2001. 208pp. â€Å"The Components of Wine.† Wine Doctor. 2008. Retrieved on May 22, 2008 from: â€Å"The Wine Making Process.† The Wine Month Club. 2008. Retrieved on May 22, 2008 from: â€Å"Uses of Wine.† 2006. Retrieved on May 22, 2008 from: Warrick, Sheridan. â€Å"The Way to Make Wine: How to Craft Superb Table Wines at Home.† First Edition. University of California Press. 2006. 267 pp. â€Å"Wine History.† 2008. Retrieved on May 22, 2008 from:

Sunday, October 13, 2019

Financial Effects of September 11th :: September 11 Terrorism Essays

Financial Effects of September 11th September 11th, like few other dates in the history of our country, will be permanently engraved in all American’s memories. Even though the events of this tragic day are behind us, the economy is still feeling the burden of the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. The economy was already experiencing a fall off before the attack. Despite the struggling times, Wall Street analysts believed that with the six Federal Rate cuts, the United States economy could avoid recession. Then came September 11th an attack that shook the nation. Never had an attack been made on United States mainland soil. Two United and two American Airline airplanes were hijacked by terrorists and flown into strategic targets in America. There were at least four to five hijackers on each plane. They were armed with knives, and having at least one person among them capable of piloting the plane. The hijackers took over the planes, ousted the pilots, and directed the planes on suicide missions. Two planes crashed into the World Trade Center's Twin Towers in New York City, another into the Pentagon in Washington DC and a fourth in Pennsylvania. The result of the attack, the Twin Towers collapsed, part of the Pentagon was crushed, and thousands of people died. The attack was part of a jihad, or holy war by the Muslims in the Middle East against America. They resent us for our freedom and for our occupation of the Middle East. Americans responded with true American spirit and patriotism by volunteering and donating goods. Despite the shock, long-term devastation, and disruption of public infrastructure and commercial activities in the world's financial center, the U.S. financial system largely remained open throughout the day and thereafter. Banks and other financial intermediaries stayed open. Key wholesale and retail payment system remained operational, like other financial activities, except that telecommunication disruptions had a temporary effect. Even firms in the World Trade Center were able to resume business from other offices or from contingency sites within hours of the attack. The response of the financial industry and the speed with which it resumed business was extraordinary and can be attributed only to its long-standing commitment to ensuring continuity of operations in the wake of physical or cyber disruptions. The terrorist attacks of September 11th sent the United States economy spiraling into recession. â€Å"Many economists believe the economy has entered its first recession in more than 10 years†(Wash.

Saturday, October 12, 2019

Country Music Essay -- Entertainment

The debate whether commercialism has stripped country music of its authenticity is one that requires further examination into who ultimately holds the power. The sometimes-drastic changes made in music leaves people questioning the tastes of consumers when in fact they are the bystanders of an overpowering industry. Fans are people who buy the albums, go to concerts, and request songs on the radio, not the execs that market the music, and yet their opinions/tastes aren’t taken into consideration. Fans carry a lot of clout in regards to what they define as commercialism gone wrong and acceptable country music. Despite what may seem fair, those who are financially invested in its success drive the commercialization of music. According to The Nashville Sound, markers that include â€Å"rural origins, stylized sets, seemingly spontaneous performance, accessible performers, and heartfelt songs can characterize country music’s authenticity† (13). The foundations of what country music has originated from are incorporated within these markers and are used to separate the real from the fake. Early country music was a means of coping with a life of work and worries; it also brought communities of the impoverished together in fellowship. The establishment of these markers glimpses into the culture and realities of many country music artists before their fame. Take for instance a family sitting huddled together on a porch on a cool summer evening listening to a family member play the banjo while another sings along. Everyone is enjoying and living in that moment and all worries are far from mind. Country music made people feel at ease and comfortable, it brought people back to their memories of the g ood old days. This is the way country music sh... ...ue. Consumers shouldn’t have to settle with music instead they should be enjoying it. In order to get the authenticity back within commercialized music it will only happen if people begin to realize the power that they hold. Once people start to realize that then the music that is produced, and sung will have a more significant affect on its listeners; music then can continue to be inspiring. Quality music is and will always be cherished more than mass-produced commercialized cacophony. Works Cited Jensen, Joli. The Nashville Sound: Authenticity, Commercialization, and Country Music. Tennessee: Vanderbilt University Press/ Country Music Foundation Press, 1998. Print Malone, Bill C. Country Music, U.S.A. Texas: University of Texas Press, 1985. Print Marcus, Greil. Mystery Train: Images of America in Rock 'n' Roll. New York: Penguin Group, 1985. Print

Friday, October 11, 2019

Data compression

Presentation or Weeping Presentation or Weeping (2) Describe the fields that â€Å"could be† or â€Å"are† merged Not Just name and address. More detail needed e. G. Firestone, surname. House name or number. Street, Village, Town, Postcode If none exists explain what the end user would like you to produce. If none exists analyses a similar web page if your local football team does not have one analyses another football teams website. Purpose + Audience + DATA Identify the special features, e. . Video, sound, animations included or could be included Automated Document (2) These could be actual automated documents or manual documents which have the potential to be an automated process If none exists explain what the end user would like you to produce For the automated process you must identify: Purpose of the letter *audience + DATA What is the purpose, audience and data of the website or presentation Identify and describe its purpose.This could be an actual automated doc ument or a one which includes a process which could be automated If you are looking at an actual set of web pages identify the feature on the page do not Just give a list. (Good practice is to use an arrow pointing to the feature and label it or try to write a short sentence about it. Specific detail needed on type of sound, video, animation, hotshot and hyperlink, etc.. In describing the potential features DO NOT generalist Be specific video of Links to what†¦.Sound files about † An email link to 2 Task 1 – DTV Mark Criteria Purpose of your document Analysis of house style Design Detailed design of documents Use of basic features Different font styles and sizes Purpose of document and audience House style / ethos of your document This may not always be the same as the ones you have looked at. NOT DESCRIPTIVE NOT it will have a blue background and use comic sans font. WHY? Designs – basic Bold, centre and underline Autographs Right or full Justification Bull et points Needs both parts What image are you trying to project How are you going to project it? . G. Friendly and fun, so I will use lots of picture of people smiling and enjoying themselves Outline layout with inherent page orientation and identifying which frames are text and which are for pictures. (If only 1 page no marks can be awarded) Details of Data – both text and graphics graphics. Fonts & Font Sizes 1 mark awarded for details of fonts and font sizes to be used – (80% coverage) 1 mark awarded for details of 8 different features to be used such as margins, tab settings, line spacing, paragraph styles, etc.Show the 8 different features that you are going to use Use of different font styles and sizes Use of bold, centre and underline (need all three) Autograph Need all three but not necessarily on the same words or page Any Autograph Justification Right or Full NOT left aligned and more than two lines Cannot be awarded if only 1 bullet not in a clear list use ( 3 in list) right or centre Justification skews the bullets 3 Must be clear Worrywart and not Just large fonts Could also be text from external text generators/ sources, e. G. Collect. Mom e. G. Clouded text boxes, shaded tables, Clouded borders in tables, Clouded text Worrywart Shading effects Shading Effects Headers and footers Two forms of electronic combination Use of at least two different types of graphical image, from different sources added to document Screenings evidence required Tables Must include grisliness unless evidence is clear 5 Each of the following may be awarded one mark – up too maximum of 5 marks for this section. Each of the following may be awarded one mark – up to a maximum of 5 marks for this section.Advanced Features Different Paragraph formats up to five of: Different paragraph formats, Different line spacing, Superscript and subscript, Customized tables, Page or frame borders, Set and use win tabs, Set and use own indents, Watermarks, Pagina tion, Use of layering (forward and behind), Own style sheets Different line spacing Super Script and Subscript Set and use own Tabs Set and use own indents Layering Water marks Both need to be present and appear on the same place on every page on the printed document An image from Clipper, Internet, Scanner, Digital Camera, etc. Mark for each form/source of image) e. G. Scanned images, graphics from web, clipper from disc, digital camera images, graphs from spreadsheets, graphics from cad packages or paint. Must have before and after screen shots as evidenceSensible use – not automatic – evidence of before and after or no marks can be awarded NOT use of default tab settings in body of text or bullets – evidence of before and after or no marks can be awarded In main body of text both left & right hand sides evidence of before and after or no marks can be awarded Use of layering forward and behind – not Just moving on top – evidence of before and aft er or no 4 Own Style Sheets construction evidence needed Page or Frame Borders Pagination Customized bullets Added to original list Photo – editing Must be Customized tables – cell merging / text direction not Just Clouded cells or bordersPage numbers – must appear on all pages in the same place (If this has been used in Header & Footer cannot be counted twice) A second set of bullet points needed External image from a file (Not internal fonts and characters) needed as the customization If complex not Just crop, rotate, etc, needs at least 3 layered effect and construction evidence required Task 2 Automated Document User Requirements Purpose of document Intended user House style Purpose of document + Professional ethos Basic layout and page orientation Automated features Font styles and Sizes used Data Basic Features Wordiness's template import data from external source 1 mark awarded for the basic layout and page orientation 1 mark awarded for design of automat ed features including mail merged fields (not just address block/greeting lines) and THREE macros 1 mark for font styles and sizes used Data and contact details Not Just ‘body of letter' 1 mark awarded for the wordiness's template document showing the fields incorporated into the document. (The letter must not be cropped and should clearly identify both the merged fields and their position on the document and the data in the letter) Suitable format and layout for data Database Evidence

Thursday, October 10, 2019

Dairy writing Essay

I am mentally and physically exhausted but I need to write this diary to record the experience of my ordeal. I must do it so that someday someone would know what my husband did to me, even if I disappear one day.  Yesterday was another dull and boring day. It was raining outside. I could hardly sleep recently as I was worry-beaten. I had been thinking about Sir Henry’s safety. Did he receive the letter I sent to him while we were in London? Would he understand the message and keep away from my husband? Should I give him an explicit warning when my husband and others were away? How should I tell him? All these questions struggled in my mind. By the time Selden, the escaped prisoner, was dead, I already suspected my husband planning another crime. I still remembered he came home in great surprise and disappointment that night. Why my husband became a deceiver?  Just then, my husband came in. I wanted to persuade him to stop threatening Sir Henry. I pretended nothing had happened at the beginning. However, that swindler soon realized something wrong. Seeing my apprehensive face, he grasped that I knew he was planning another crime. When I tried to coax him from torturing Sir Henry further, he became agitated and furious. We started shouting and screeching at each other. He then hit me with his muscular arms and I found myself in a frenzy of anger and kicked him back. Suddenly, he snapped the bed sheets next to us and wrapped me all over. He was so forceful that I was promptly tied up against a wooden post in the center of the room. The knots were so tight that I could hardly breathe. Had I known that I would be assaulted in this prison, I would not have risked my life to fight with him. I wouldn’t forgive his cruelty. I was in great pain and blood was over my bruised arms. They were clear marks of violence. It was so painful and distressing. I was in a lonely marathon of agony. I felt so hopeless and helpless. I was motionless in a room with tears stinging my eyes.  Gradually, I heard my stomach echoed in the silence. I hadn’t eaten for a long time. How long had I been cooped up? I almost fainted when I heard a creak at my locked desert. I thought it was my cruel husband coming to torture me further again. It wasn’t! I wanted to shout but it turned out a faint sound because I was so weak at that time A short while later, I heard a bang and the door swung open. Holmes, Watson and Lestrade came in with guns in their hands. What a relief! I was rescued! All three of them were very surprised at the sight of me. They couldn’t identify me at first as I was wrapped round completely. They untied me. Thanks god for that! I felt much more comfortable. They were the brightness in the dark.  Full of grief and shame, I soon sank to the floor. They put me in the old oak chair and I managed to open my eyes again. I didn’t care whether my wicked husband would harm me further. I couldn’t keep the secret anymore. Therefore, I told them where he had kept the hound and the whole truth. I also asked about Sir Henry. To my relief, Sir Henry was safe and the hound was dead. I found myself crying with happiness. Now I am relieved and feel soothed after the salvage. However, I worry about what will happen to me next? I have been neglected and live a life of deceit. I don’t want to live in fear, suspicion and possible attack again, worrying my husband would plan another crime? Does my husband really love me? Why do we have to pretend to be brothers and sisters? Why was I being used to attract Sir Henry? I was torn between saving Sir Henry and hating my husband. What should I do?  I worry about my future? I prayed and prayed. I am lonely and hopeless in the world. Will god shed light on me?